Strokesaurus

Word Definition

Haematoma

A blot clot forms after bleeding from a burst blood vessel. A haemorrhagic stroke can cause a haematoma to form within the skull.


For similar information see Types of stroke

Haematoma is a type of blot clot. 

It forms after a blood vessel has burst. 

It can form inside your skull. 


See Types of stroke

Haemorrhage

When a blood vessel bursts, causing bleeding into the surrounding tissues.


For similar information see Types of stroke

Haemorrhage is when a blood vessel bursts. 

It causes bleeding into the surrounding area.


See Types of stroke

Haemorrhagic stroke

Occurs when a blood vessel or an aneurysm bursts in the brain, causing bleeding inside the brain.


For similar information see Types of stroke

Haemorrhagic stroke is when a blood vessel bursts in the brain. 

This type of stroke causes bleeding inside the brain.

 

See Types of stroke

Hemianopia

Loss of one half of the visual field in each eye. It may feel like the person is unable to see out of one eye, but in fact, both eyes are affected. People may experience other people appearing to have only half a face. When reading, words and sentences disappear once they fall into the missing visual field.

 

For similar information see Sensory changes

Hemianopia is when you lose one half of your vision.

You may feel one eye is not working, but it affects both eyes.

You might see people with only half a face. 

If you read a book, you might only see half the page. 

 

See Sensory changes

Hemiparesis

Weakness on one side of the body, affecting the arm, the leg or both.


For similar information see Arm and hand function or Leg functioning

Hemiparesis is when you are weak on one side of the body.

It can affect your arm or your leg, or both.


See Arm and hand function or Leg functioning

Hemiplegia

Paralysis on one side of the body, affecting the arm, the leg or both.


For similar information see Arm and hand function or Leg functioning

Hemiplegia is when you can’t move one side of your body. 

It can affect your arm or your leg, or both.


See Arm and hand function or Leg functioning

Hemisphere

The brain is divided into two halves – a left hemisphere and a right hemisphere. The left hemisphere controls most functions on the right side of the body, while the right hemisphere controls most functions on the left side.

 

For similar information see Brain and Cognitive

A hemisphere is one half of the brain.

The brain has two halves.

One half is the left hemisphere.

The other half is the right hemisphere.

The left hemisphere mostly controls the right side of the body.

The right hemisphere mostly controls the left side of the body.


See Brain and Cognitive

Heparin

An anticoagulant medication that stops the blood from forming clots.


For similar information see Procedures

Heparin is a type of medicine. 

It stops your blood from forming clots. 


See Procedures

High-Density Lipoprotein

Also known as the good cholesterol; a compound consisting of a lipid and a protein that carries a small percentage of the total cholesterol in the blood and deposits it in the liver.


For similar information see Prevention

High-density lipoprotein is a type of particle in your body. 

It is also known as ‘good cholesterol’.

It helps remove fats from cells and artery walls.

It carries fats to the liver.

The liver can get rid of fats from the body.


See Prevention

Hydrotherapy

Therapy in warm water, which allows the body to float and strengthens the power in those muscles that need it. It provides gentle resistance to movement in the water for exercise and enables relaxation of the muscles.


For similar information see Exercise or Rehabilitation

Hydrotherapy is when you do exercise in warm water. 

Moving in water helps you strengthen your muscles. 

It also lets you float and relax your muscles. 


See Exercise or Rehabilitation

Hypercholesterolaemia

High cholesterol (also known as hyperlipidaemia).


For similar information see Prevention

Hypercholesterolaemia is when you have high cholesterol.

It is also known as hyperlipidaemia.


See Prevention

Hypertension

High blood pressure.


For similar information see Prevention

Hypertension is when you have high blood pressure.

 

See Prevention

Hypertonia

Also known as spasticity. High muscle tone where the affected muscles are stiff or tight.


For similar information see Arm and hand function or Leg functioning

Hypertonia is when your muscles are stiff or tight. 

It is also called spasticity


See Arm and hand function or Leg functioning

Hypotension

Low Blood Pressure.


For similar information see Prevention

Hypotension is when you have low blood pressure.


See Prevention

Hypotonia

Low muscle tone where affected muscles are floppy or loose.

 

For similar information see Rehabilitation or Exercise

Hypotonia is when your muscles are floppy or loose.

 

See Rehabilitation or Exercise

Hypoxia

Also known as anoxia. Lack of oxygen delivery to a cell, resulting in low energy production and possible cell death.


For similar information see Types of stroke

Hypoxia is when your cells don’t get enough oxygen. 

This means they don’t produce much energy. 

The cells might even die. 


See Types of stroke